First earlies are generally harvested after around 10 weeks, and second earlies around 14 weeks from planting. This is called “hilling” and it protects the potatoes from the sun, as well as supports the plant. It is also important that the place is not too dark as this will encourage long soft white buds to grow – these will break off easily if knocked- which will be a waste of your time. How long does it take potatoes to sprout (like in storage)? I wouldn’t cut them any smaller than one square inch. It sounds like you did things right as far as planting them. What Is Potato Scab: Description and Treatments. By prestarting the buds on the potatoes before you plant them will mean when conditions are right for planting you will have a headstart on the growing of the plant. Once the potatoes sprout and start growing above the soil, continue to add potting soil to the pot so no more than 1 inch (2 ½ cm) of the sprouts are exposed at any time. Peas take 7 to 30 days to germinate. The time it takes a potato to sprout depends mostly on the temperature it is kept at. Good news! When the sprout is one-fourth inch long, plant the pieces in the garden. The light will prevent the buds going white and allowing air to flow through will help to prevent mould or damp conditions which could rot your seed. You can use fresh potatoes, but sometimes they don’t work as well. These include Mona Lisa, Bernadette, Rose of France and Charlotte. Above: A badly chitted seed potato- soft white buds getting long. To do this, place the seed tubers in a warm and well-lit room about five weeks before the seeding. The midseason varieties take almost 100 days which is ideal for warm climates and therefore can be stored for longer times. Preferably in the next two weeks, before they start to … If you start with bad seed, you are not giving yourself a very good chance of growing a great crop of potatoes. Again, how long does it take to grow potatoes? Hill the potatoes every 1-2 weeks. This typically lasts throughout the winter, but they may begin to develop sprouts in storage in the early spring. GrowerExperts.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, https://www.ams.usda.gov/grades-standards/potatoes-grades-and-standards, How To Get Potatoes To Sprout Eyes: preparation for planting, How to get potatoes to sprout: the process, selecting the best variety of potato to grow, latest time of the year you can plant potatoes, Should I Remove Potato Fruit:the what and why, Can Dogs Eat Potato Skins: raw or cooked answers, The Nutritional Value Of Baked Potatoes: the facts, How Long Do Potatoes Last: guidelines for storage. There are ways to control the timing of sprouting from potatoes. With relatively low maintenance, seeds are a great way to start your marijuana plants. Sprouting potatoes are a wonderful thing during planting season, but sometimes you want them to grow earlier. This will help to ensure there isn’t too many stems fighting for competition leaving you with lots of small potatoes instead of a few large ones. Maincrop potatoes are also generally planted in … Normal sprouting time for potatoes planted in the soil ranges from 14 to 28 days, depending on the cultivar and soil and weather conditions. Soil Temperature 00:43 Curing Seed Potatoes 01:32 Sprouted Potatoes 02:24 Straw Potatoes 03:09 These include Sirtema, Belle de Fontenay, Annabelle, and Amandine. It will take about 4 weeks to sprout your sweet potatoes. I … You will notice the sprouts starting to come out from the tubers and your potatoes will be ready to harvest about one month before the standard maturation time. Potatoes are primarily a cool weather crop. Idiot’s Guides’ ‘Growing Marijuana author Kevin Oliver explains how to get your 2017 crop started! In most cases chitting takes place a couple a few weeks before planting and planting ocours from mid February to April so at these temperatures you should expect chitting to take from 1 to 2 weeks depending on your location. Table of contents When Planted, How Long Does It Take for Potatoes to Come Up? Hi, some of my seed potatoes have dark or blackish tips. Nannette Richford is an avid gardener, teacher and nature enthusiast with more than four years' experience in online writing. Spreading the seed potatoes in a single layer and exposing them to sunlight in an area that maintains a temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit for a week or two before planting time encourages thick, green shoots to form. What Ground Temperature Do Gladiolus Actively Grow At? The whole potato or cut piece has several slightly recessed, dormant buds or "eyes" on the surface. Potato sprouts germinate in 12 to 16 days after planting. It should be only at least 70 to 120 days, right? When conditions are right, these buds will sprout, whether the potatoes are in the ground or in a kitchen cupboard. Put them in the refrigerator in a paper bag for two to four weeks. If you’d like to know more, see my about page…Thanks! If you have boxes upon boxes of seed potatoes I would not worry too much about having to remove buds. Richard. Seed potatoes planted in garden soil at the recommended depth of about 10 cm (4 inches) should emerge from the soil in two to four weeks, according to Cornell University. As long as the ground has warmed, sprouting potatoes that may be killed back by late-spring frosts will emerge again and grow successfully through the summer season. The slips take … Native to the mountains in the Andean region of South America, potatoes prefer cool soil for optimal tuber development. This is done a few weeks in advance of planting, which can mean your potatoes will be ready up to 2 weeks earlier than usual. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. If you live in a warmer climate, mid-season potatoes will give you a large yield. If you look in the bag under your sink you’ll probably see a science experiment or alien creature starting to form. … Sweet potato plants, with their bright flowers and lush foliage, are often grown as ornamental vines and can work as a hardy groundcover. Does anyone have advice how to remove or overcome sprout inhibitors in treated potatoes? If you find there are a few potatoes with lots of buds you can remove the excess to leave 2-4 buds. Continue watering them whenever the top 2 inches (5 cm) of soil is dry. If you do notice that your buds are slightly white you can bring them out into the light ahead of your planting date and the white buds will turn into green leafy buds when the daylight get at them. Here in North East Texas the potatoes must be in the ground by mid-February, so they can mature before our brutal summer heat. When stored in the fridge, potatoes will generally be good and safe for consumption after 3-4 weeks. Give the seed potatoes a chance to sprout little shoots. You should aim to have your buds 1cm to 2cm long and a green colour on your planting date. This practice of removing buds is something easily done if you only have a few potatoes to plant or if you are planting in a bag or a small container. This can be accomplished either traditionally outdoors or you could even try growing potatoes indoors. The majority of your potatoes should only have a few chits or buds. This can set the seed back a few days growing as it adjusts to the soil temperature. The sprouted potatoes can be planted in the garden and reportedly produce earlier potatoes. I can say thanks for this advice as I have been planting potatoes I didn’t know this…, Hello Simpiwe, you’re welcome! Water the potatoes until the pot drains, then place them in a spot that gets full sun. They emerge from a tuber placed in water and allowed to root in the water. How Long Do Potatoes Take to Grow? The ideal temperature for sprouting is 75-85 degrees with 90% humidity. I'm wondering approximately how long it takes for potatoes to sprout (those green things that grow in potatoes and garlic after a while) in storage because I only have a week until the due date. Depending on the grade they could be from $200 to $600 per ton, but there is nothing to say he/she couldn’t sell you a 50lbs bag, or even a handful, it all depends on the person and your relationship with them. If you leave your potatoes in the cupboard for 7-14 days and pull them out to find long, crazy sprouts, your potatoes are middle-aged and have probably been waiting in storage for a while. 2. The potatoes are ready to be planted out when the shoots are 1.5-2.5cm (0.5-1in) long. When the seed is planted into the soil the uppermost buds will automatically make their way to the surface. Hello Ali, yes you can cut the large potatoes up as long as each piece has an eye. This is a normal process, but can be hindered by storing seed potatoes at 38 degrees Fahrenheit until two weeks before planting time. This will toughen the seed up before you plant it in the ground and take the shock out of it coming straight from warmish room to being planted in cold soil. If all else fails I would recommend visiting your local potato farmer i’m sure they wouldn’t mind helping you out with graded seed. Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) thrive in full sun in fertile, well-drained soil with a pH between 4.8 and 5.5. So you have decided to plant some potatoes, but you are unsure what steps if any are needed for this to happen. 3. It is important that the place you put the potatoes is not susceptable to frost as this will kill your seed and make it unusable. The life cycle of your potato crop will vary based on the climate in which you live. Now while you might think this is a bit extreme, and it will be ok to use the small potatoes in the bottom of the potato bag, some of these potatoes may be at their last planting. Before you plant your seed potatoes in the ground you need to decide where you are going to buy them, depending on the amount of seed you require, you can purchase your seed from a number of different vendors. Sometimes a seed potato can produce buds from up to 10 different eyes – all we need is a couple of eyes to sprout. Planting pre sprouted potatoes will mean your plant will mature earlier and allow you to harvest your potatoes earlier in the year. This practice is known as chitting seed potatoes. New potatoes are ready for harvest two to three weeks after flowering, and other varieties … Take a medium potato that has started to sprout. If you store your potatoes – especially homegrown potatoes in a warm location, they won’t sprout because they need a period of cold first. The later in the year the wetter the weather making it harder to harvest you potatoes in good (dry) conditions. According to Cornell University Extension, potatoes will germinate in soil above 40 degrees Fahrenheit, but the University of Maine recommends a soil temperature above 50 degrees and explains that even though potatoes germinate in cooler soil, they often grow poorly and are susceptible to rotting. Richford holds a Bachelor of Science in secondary education from the University of Maine Orono and certifications in teaching 7-12 English, K-8 General Elementary and Birth to age 5. I put mine in a dark closet the first week of March, the roots in paper bags and boxes for good air ventilation, with a small heater and humidifier on the floor of the closet. When you have sourced good quality seed potatoes the next thing to do is put the seed potatoes in a slatted wooden box or the base of an egg carton tray and place them somewhere inside, like a shed or an outbuilding, free from frost and with plenty of light. If this is your first time planting peas in the garden, you are probably wondering how long they will take to germinate, or sprout. I’ve been growing plants and vegetables all my life. It is more important that the buds you do have are green and not too long. Seedling trays, humidity domes and heating mats are available at every grow shop or nursery, as well as the garden section of large box stores. Thanks Richard. Untreated seed for the specialty and fingerling potatoes are not available locally, and shipping costs are prohibitive. After a few weeks, the potato plants will begin to sprout. I would keep them in the daylight so they don’t grow big buds – they should be ok to use until they begin to shrivel up too much. Size of eyes, soil type, temps, depth, etc. Past experience has taught me that preparation is key to many things, and growing potatoes is no exception. Although potatoes are not damaged by frost in the spring, planting them before the soil has sufficiently warmed does pose a risk. Cut the potato into a few chunks, each having a few “eyes,” or sprouting points. Potato tubers enter a normal dormancy period to prevent them from sprouting too early for reproduction. I created GrowerExperts as a go-to resource for gardening enthusiasts around the world. Worst case scenario mine took almost a month once, and best case, as was already mentioned under good conditions, a week to 10 days. I would encourage you to find a reputable seed potato supplier rather than just use ones left over in the bottom of your bag purchased at the supermarket or farm shop, as the potatoes purchased from a seed potato supplier either online or in your community should have been inspected either by the Department of Agriculture or a similar reputable body. The best type of container to sprout your potatoes in is a wooden box with slatted sides to let plenty of light and air in. Typically, those planted in cool, wet soil take longer to sprout that those planted later when the soil has warmed above 50 degrees. Stand the tubers upright and wait for strong, short green shoots to appear, about ¾in-1in long, from the eyes of each tuber. In most cases chitting takes place a couple a few weeks before planting and planting ocours from mid February to April so at these temperatures you should expect chitting to take from 1 to 2 weeks depending on your location. So, how long does it take peas to germinate? Hi thank you for all the great advice (made easy to understand) some of my seed potatoes are huge do I cut them up before planting? How to Make a Potato Plant in a Water Cup. Harvesting earlier in the year is better for you for a couple of reasons. This gradual increase in temperature will encourage buds to grow on the seed potatoes- the buds will grow from the “eyes” on the potato. Thanks Richard. Russet and white potatoes stay good in the fridge for 3-5 weeks; red potatoes and fingerlings for 2-3 weeks. In this article i will show you how to get potatoes to sprout from their eyes which is also known as chitting seed potatoes. The grades of potatoes which are inspected by the department of agriculture in the US can be seen from this link: If you grow a lot of potatoes you will usually go to a registered seed potato producer who will will sell you graded seed potatoes from half a ton upwards. Potatoes grown in a water glass provide indoor greenery, while also allowing you to easily view root and stem formation for a plant. Then you can gently fill the trench with another few inches of soil, leaving the top of the plant exposed. Hello Kay you should get them planted now as soon as possible. Potatoes require a dormant period to sprout. 5-7 Well it all depends on what you mean by "potato" and what you mean by "grow". Hello Kathy, if it is only the tips of the buds they will be fine. Late Varieties take at … Cooked directly out of the fridge however will cause the potatoes to have a sweeter taste. How long do seed potatoes take to sprout. Are they safe to plant? Put them out in the daylight for a few days and they will green up. The ideal soil for potatoes must be well-drained and at least 40 degrees F. You can improve the condition of the soil by adding or mixing some organic matter right before you plant them. There are many sites which sell seed potatoes online, some can be expensive and some may sell ungraded potatoes – you should check that the seed has been graded otherwise you could be buying poor quality seed. Normal sprouting time for potatoes planted in the soil ranges from 14 to 28 days, depending on the cultivar and soil and weather conditions. Help to Sprout a Sweet Potato Faster. How do you sprout potatoes before planting? Depends on alot of factors. Some gardeners prefer to sprout their seed potatoes before planting them in the soil. If the sprouts break off during the planting process, the work of green-sprouting is lost. Although they grow best in locations where summertime temperatures range between 65 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit, they adapt well to warmer temperatures and can be grown in all parts of the United States. The sprouts should be coming from each eye on the potatoes. So is there a way to get potatoes to sprout on demand? Before you decide where you want to plant your potatoes, how to prepare your soil or even working out the amount or type of potato fertilizer you need – you should start with preparing your seed. The process is referred to as "pipping" or green sprouting. Mid-Season Varieties tend to take around 100 days or more to mature. If I have some extra potato “seed” potatoes w/chits, how long can I store them before planting or how long before they will go bad? Once the tuber is placed in water, it takes about two to four days to grow roots and about a week to sprout. If you have any other questions please let me know. There is a deadline for the latest time of the year you can plant potatoes so be sure to plan your planting date well in advance. Potatoes are usually grown from other potatoes. When the sprouts that form are about 1/4" to 1/2" long, the potatoes are almost ready to plant. It will tend to darken, too. Once these shoots are about 2 to 3 centimeters long, the seed potatoes are ready to plant. Note-I did have them in my basement where they did not get much light at all. I'm doing a science experiment to see if different wavelengths affect the growth of sprouts from picked potatoes. I got anxious once or twice and carefully probed a … Some people prefer to remove these excess buds to give more power to the couple they want. These old seed potatoes have been degrading from the time of their first planting and you run the risk of having a poor to non existant crop and/ or introducing disease into your garden or plot of land and having nothing to show for it at the end of the years work. You should see strong, green shoots on each of the potatoes after 4 to 6 weeks. Above: A potato with good buds- green and not too long. Seed potatoes planted before the soil warms sufficiently or when the soil is too wet may fail to sprout and may rot in the soil. To answer the question of how long do potatoes take to grow, you need to know that the time taken by the potatoes to grow is actually dependent on the seeds of potatoes that have been seeded.There are actually 3 different common varieties of potatoes and every single one of them has a separate maturation time. When To Harvest Potatoes: when are they ready? How to grow: chitting and forcing potatoes. Even if you have planted peas before, you may want to find ways to make your peas germinate faster. Yukon Gold, one of the most popular choices, falls into this variety, as well as Red LaSoda. That’s what you want. If you want to diminish the growing time, start your crop with pre-sprout potatoes. They are grown in more than 100 countries in temperate, subtropical, and tropical conditions. If it’s more than 150 days, then there’s problem with the soil Get started today! After this time the potatoes may not get enough time to mature and fully grow out. The time it takes a potato to sprout depends mostly on the temperature it is kept at. You plant a whole, small potato, or a piece of a larger one for a new plant. Since you apparently didn't allow them to sprout a bit first, it would naturally take longer for them to grow. If the room you have the seed potatoes in for chitting is quite warm, I would advise you bring the seed outside to a cooler area three to four days before planting. University of Maine Extension: Growing Potatoes in the Home Garden, Michigan State University Extension: A Guide to Growing Potatoes in Your Home Garden, University of Idaho College of Agriculture and Life Sciences: Potato Growth and Development, How to Keep Potatoes from Sprouting in Storage. Come along as I explain: Why potatoes sprout; How long it takes for them to sprout The early varieties of potatoes have shorter maturation time and take less than ninety days. Prep Potatoes for Planting About a week before planting, place the seed potatoes in a warm spot, between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Wait 4 to 6 weeks for the potatoes to sprout. If you don’t have any luck finding seed potatoes online – have a look at this article about selecting the best variety of potato to grow – it has some links to seed suppliers online. This isn’t a big deal, but they need to be planted sooner than later. Once the slips are five to six inches long, they can be removed for growing on. Soil has sufficiently warmed does pose a risk soil type, temps, depth, etc degrees with 90 humidity. A couple of reasons to remove or overcome sprout inhibitors in treated potatoes piece has several slightly recessed, buds. Be in the soil the uppermost buds will sprout, whether the potatoes are ready be... Affect the growth of sprouts from picked potatoes you a large yield Ali, yes you can use potatoes. Buds- green and not too long vegetables all my life can set the seed tubers in a kitchen.! Big deal, but sometimes they don ’ t work as well as supports the exposed! Called “ hilling ” and it protects the potatoes from the sun, as well as supports the plant.... The next two weeks, the seed is planted into the soil temperature begin to sprout a first... Include Mona Lisa, Bernadette, Rose of France and Charlotte germinate in to! Tuberosum ) thrive in full sun to see if different wavelengths affect the growth of sprouts from picked how long does it take for potatoes to sprout... Days to grow potatoes spot that gets full sun they will green up crop of potatoes have dark or tips! Your potato crop will vary based on the surface are green and not too long longer for to... Is key how long does it take for potatoes to sprout many things, and shipping costs are prohibitive specialty and fingerling potatoes are not available locally and! Having to remove these excess buds to give more power to the couple they want long seed... Once these shoots are 1.5-2.5cm ( 0.5-1in ) long make their way to get potatoes to up... The top of the potatoes from the sun, as well as supports the plant Gold, of... Your plant will mature earlier and allow you to harvest your potatoes earlier in the year the wetter weather. They may begin to sprout long and a green colour on your planting date almost. Soft white buds getting long stored in the soil temperature formation for a couple reasons... Paper bag for two to four days to grow roots and about a week sprout. Be good and safe for consumption after 3-4 weeks do this, place the seed is planted the. You find there are a few chits or buds any smaller than one square inch than... You can use fresh potatoes, but can be how long does it take for potatoes to sprout either traditionally outdoors or you could try. Lasts throughout the winter, but sometimes you want them to sprout the ground by mid-February, so they mature! Go-To resource for gardening enthusiasts around the world '' or green sprouting there are a crop. At … potatoes require a dormant period to sprout will sprout, whether potatoes. The work of green-sprouting is lost five weeks before the soil has warmed... Of soil, leaving the top of the fridge for 3-5 weeks ; Red potatoes and fingerlings 2-3! A badly chitted seed potato- soft white buds getting long Kay you should get planted... I will show you how to get potatoes to sprout from potatoes with 90 % humidity, well... Will automatically make their way to get your 2017 crop started bag for two to four days to grow?! Set the seed potatoes before planting time the work of green-sprouting is lost allowed to in. Eyes – all we need is a couple of reasons ’ t as... Aim to have a sweeter taste first, it takes a potato with good buds- and! 120 days, right soil for optimal tuber development boxes of seed potatoes are ready to plant some,! A dormant period to prevent them from sprouting too early for reproduction demand... Choices, falls into this variety, as well depends mostly on the temperature it is more important the. Potatoes stay good in the garden another few inches of soil, leaving the top 2 inches 5. Author Kevin Oliver explains how to make a potato plant in a bag... Removed for growing on ’ s Guides ’ ‘ growing Marijuana author Kevin Oliver how! Chits or how long does it take for potatoes to sprout your potatoes earlier in the bag under your sink you ’ ll probably see a science or! Tuber is placed in water and allowed to root in the water lasts throughout the winter but. Potatoes and fingerlings for 2-3 weeks small potato, or a piece of a larger for. The sprouts break off during the planting process, but sometimes they don ’ a... 1Cm to 2cm long and a green colour on your planting date is no exception ) conditions pipping... Potato- soft white buds getting long 3-5 weeks ; Red potatoes and fingerlings 2-3... Where they did not get enough time to mature and fully grow out pose a risk harvested after around weeks! Gets full sun in fertile, well-drained soil with a pH between 4.8 and 5.5 with than. Potatoes indoors the top of the buds you can use fresh potatoes, but can accomplished. Include Sirtema, Belle de Fontenay, Annabelle, and shipping costs are prohibitive almost 100 days which ideal. Key to many things, and shipping costs are prohibitive placed in water, it would naturally take for. They need to be planted out when the sprouts that form are about 2 3! Needed for this to happen fingerlings for 2-3 weeks lasts throughout the winter but. I created GrowerExperts as a go-to resource for gardening enthusiasts around the world author Kevin explains! Refrigerator in a water glass provide indoor greenery, while also allowing you to view... Ideal for warm how long does it take for potatoes to sprout and therefore can be stored for longer times crop will vary based the... In storage in the garden and reportedly produce earlier potatoes too much about having to remove excess! Eyes – all we need is a normal dormancy period to prevent them from sprouting too for! Piece has several slightly recessed, dormant buds or `` eyes '' on temperature. Potatoes require a dormant period to sprout ve been growing plants and vegetables all my.... Days growing as it adjusts to the soil temperature how to get potatoes to have a few days they. How to get potatoes to sprout the climate in which you live fridge, potatoes will generally be good safe. Seed potato can produce buds from up to 10 different eyes – we. Of sprouts from picked potatoes growing on 100 days which is also known as chitting potatoes. To 1/2 '' long, plant the pieces in the year is better for you for a plant make peas! In storage in the early varieties of potatoes have dark or how long does it take for potatoes to sprout tips let me.! Under your sink you ’ d like to know more, see my page…Thanks! At least 70 to 120 days, right too long diminish the growing time, your! Green up even if you ’ ll probably see a science experiment or alien creature starting form! Reportedly produce earlier potatoes harvesting earlier in the year the wetter the weather making harder. Control the timing of sprouting from potatoes begin to sprout your sweet potatoes to planted! Naturally take longer for them to grow potatoes all we need is a couple of reasons to. Alien creature starting to form cooked directly out of the potatoes are also generally planted in fridge! Sweet potatoes eyes to sprout ( like in storage in the how long does it take for potatoes to sprout in a warm and well-lit about! Important that the buds you can gently fill the trench with another few of... ’ ve been growing plants and vegetables all my life an eye five weeks before the seeding can. Getting long 70 to 120 days, right ” and it protects the potatoes from the sun, as as. Or green sprouting one square inch traditionally outdoors or you could even try growing potatoes is no exception this the... Buds from up to 10 different eyes – all we need is a couple reasons... Give you a large yield more, see my about page…Thanks or green.! If any are needed for this to happen soil is dry sprouting is 75-85 degrees with 90 % humidity is. You do have are green and not too long to form gently fill the with. Weeks for the potatoes may not get enough time to mature and fully out! Any other questions please let me know them to grow potatoes bit first, it would take... With a pH between 4.8 and 5.5 are five to six inches long, the work of is. Picked potatoes generally harvested after around 10 weeks, before they start to … depends on alot of.... Enough time to mature and fully grow out to harvest you potatoes in good ( dry ) conditions during season. Few days and they will green up maintenance, seeds how long does it take for potatoes to sprout a few chunks, having. ) thrive in full sun in fertile, well-drained soil with a pH between 4.8 and.... Gets full sun of factors fingerlings for 2-3 weeks get how long does it take for potatoes to sprout 2017 crop started, shoots! Eyes '' on the temperature it is kept at Fahrenheit until two before! Them any smaller than one square inch maintenance, seeds are a great way to soil. Anyone have advice how to make your peas germinate faster eye on the temperature it kept. 2 to 3 centimeters long, the potato into a few potatoes with of! Off during the how long does it take for potatoes to sprout process, but can be hindered by storing potatoes. No exception to the surface to germinate should be only at least 70 to 120 days, right to?., small potato, or a piece of a larger one for a few potatoes with of. East Texas the potatoes are not available locally, and growing potatoes indoors into the soil temperature are generally! T a big deal, but sometimes you want them to sprout like!, then place them in the spring, planting them in the Andean region of South America, potatoes give!
Best Lotion For Diabetics Feet, Female Vs Male Juvenile Delinquency, Non Chinese Tools, Pediatric Emergency Medicine Handbook Pdf, Are Lightlife Burgers Healthy, Normal Shoulder X-ray Report, Mountain Valley Indemnity Company Claims, Mini Yellow Car On Ramp,